Review #1 Due Next Class–9/12
Plan for the Day
- Sentence Pattern Fun!!!
- Chapter Reflections
- Sentence Structure
- Word Usage
- (Possible) Review #1 Workshop
Let’s get right into Kolln & Gray’s Ch.2 “Sentence Patterns” while I have you fresh, vibrant, and eager. This can be quite boring if you hate words, reading, and writing. Identifying sentence patterns isn’t the most helpful for proofreading, but, as I try to move you towards thinking about re-visioning and considering your writing choices for your own work, understanding the parts of a sentence helps you learn grammar vocabulary, which (in theory) improves your writing. Think of it this way: If you only put butter on your pasta, you’re missing the cornucopia of possible flavors to enhance what is essentially a bland noodle. Which sauce would you rather eat?
|Childish Sauce||Marinara Sauce||Puttanesca Sauce|
Clearly, puttanesca sauce is the more flavorful sauce for mature palates.* The key isn’t to throw everything into the essay, document, or pot; instead, you should find words, structures, etc. that complement your writing, leaving readers satisfied with your creation.
*What’s the difference? palate, palette, pallet
Ch. 2 Exercises
Before we do the exercises, here’s a review of the seven basic sentence patterns:
- Pattern 1 (P1): Subject + Be + Adverbial
- Pattern 2 (P2): Subject + Be + Subject Complement
- Pattern 3 (P3): Subject + Linking Verb + Subject Complement
- Pattern 4 (P4): Subject + Intransitive Verb
- Pattern 5 (P5): Subject + Transitive Verb + Direct Object
- Pattern 6 (P6): Subject + Transitive Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object
- Pattern 7 (P7): Subject + Transitive Verb + Direct Object + Object Complement
The book isn’t too clear on this next point, but Commands (Declarative) and Questions (Interrogative) have other sentence patterns. If this were a linguistics class, we might explore those in detail. Because our focus is on writing, editing, and rhetorical effects, we won’t spend too much time on the other sentence patterns.
Notice how writers can focus or emphasize readers’ attention through word placement. Pattern 2 has the subject complement at the end of a sentence and “puts greater emphasis on the adjective” (p. 20). In Pattern 6, we can “[shift] the indirect object to a position following the direct object” to emphasize (usually) the recipient of the action:
- Alison bought me a beer.
Subject [Alison] + Transitive Verb [bought] + Indirect Object [me] + Direct Object [a beer]
- Alison bought a beer for me.
Subject [Alison] + Transitive Verb [bought] + + Direct Object [a beer] + Indirect Object [me]
I know which I’d want to emphasize…Remember, the Indirect Object is usually a person, animal, or group and receives the Direct Object–“a beer” in the sentence above. The Direct Object is the goal of the verb–“bought” is the action in the sentence above.
- What was done to the beer?
The beer was bought.
- For whom was the beer bought?
The beer was bought for me.
Turn to p. 21, and let’s do Exercise #4. Then, we’ll go to p. 26 for the “Group Discussion” and Exercise #5. Time and attention span permitting, we’ll do Exercises #6 & #7 on pp. 28-29.
Let’s jump over to Barrett’s Perfect English Grammar and cover Ch. 2 “Spelling and Formatting.” Then, we’ll go onto Ch. 5 and see what he has to say about sentence structure. You should notice some overlap…and if you find any contradictions between our two books.
Words to ponder…
Time permitting, I’m going to have you work on your Review #1 due next class (9/15). On the bottom of p. 31 in Kolln & Gray, there’s a discussion point asking to “Imagine an unusual place” and “[t]hink of three versions of an opening sentence for a paragraph.” Draft some options for starting your review. Don’t have a topic…we’ve got until 8:45 pm.
Barrett advises writers not to “use a thesaurus to find new words….because a thesaurus does not always indicate which words are appropriate for which contexts” (p. 18). Let’s consider a lesson that highlights this. What’s a common word we could use?
Make sure you have your Review #1 printed Keep up with the syllabus! While you’re enjoying your long weekend, get around to Ch. 2 in Rhetorical Grammar and Ch. 4 & 5 in Perfect English Grammar.