B.A. 1974 Political Science Appalachian State University
M.A. 1976 Political Science Appalachian State Univeristy
PhD. 1984 Political Science George Washington University
Major Fields: International Politics, International Law, U.S. Foreign Policy
Minor Fields: Comparative Politics, Western Europe
1997 Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. Prentice-Hall: New Jersey, 1997.
1980 “Perspectives on Enforcement of Human Rights,” Report for Panel on Human Rights, American Society of International Law Convention, April 17, 1980. Published in ASIL Proceedings, May 1980.
1982 “Counterattack: The West’s Battle Against Terrorism.” The Middle East Journal, July 1982, vol. XXI. pp. 121-122.
1991 “International Legal Responses to Terrorism.” European Law Review, September 1991, vol. XVII, no. 3, pp. 147-170.
“Terrorism Inc.: The Phenomenon of Terrorism Networks.” Counterterrorism and International Security, vol. VI, no. 2, August 1991, pp. 24-41.
1992 “The Rickover Effect.” Naval Institute Press. April, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 85-87.
1993 “Terrorism, the Media, and the Law: A Symbiotic Relationship.” British Institute Studies in International and Comparative Law. November, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 135- 157.
“Europe’s Experiment with Human Rights Protection: The Convention after Two Decades.” Official Journal of the Community Legal Order. L and C series, vol. XII, no. 4, September 1993, pp. 264-297.
1994 “Terrorism, the Media, and the Law: A Tangled Skein.” Oxford Legal Review. November, vol. LXI, no. 2, pp. 82-96.
“Terrorism and Human Rights: Two Conventions with Related Goals.” European Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 43, pp. 186-214.
1995 “Simulations as Teaching Techniques.” Let’s Talk Teaching. vol. 5. April 1995.
pp. 2-4. Co-authored with Robert Mundt.
PROFESSIONAL RESEARCH PRESENTATIONS
1985 “Toward a Regional Remedy for Terrorism.” Presented at panel on Humen Rights at the International Studies Association Annual Convention, Washington, DC.
1986 Chair, ASU Panel for International Terrorism Teleconference, University of Arizona program.
1988 Presentation – North Carolina Association of Law Enforcement Administrators. Annual Convention. Kitty Hawk, NC. “The Networking of Domestic Terrorist Groups.”
1989 “Terrorism, Inc.: An International Terrorism Network.” Presented at Charlotte Conference on Terrorism, sponsored by Medusa consulting group and UNCC.
Panel member – “Narco-terrorism: The Delimma of the 1990’s. Charlotte Conference on Terrorism.
Presentation to UNC-Wilmington Political Science Association. “Middle East Spill-Over in European Terrorism.”
“Who Are the Terrorists.” Presented at the North Carolina Criminal Justice Association Conference on Domestic Terrorism, Atlantic Beach, NC.
1990 “CounterTerrorism: The Use of Special Forces.” Paper presented at the North Carolina Criminal Justice Association Spring Conference, Salemburg, NC.
Member of Round Table Session – “Trends and Projections in Political Terrorism.” International Studies Association – South. Fall 1990 Annual Meeting. Raleigh, NC.
1991 “Domestic Application of International Law: The European Model’s First Decade.” Paper presented at American Society of International Law panel on Legal Protection of Human Rights, Washington, DC.
1992 Chair – Model United Nations panel – North Carolina Political Science Association. Annual Meeting. Western Carolina University.
Discussant – Panel on “Developmen tof Human Rights Law.” American Society of International Law Annual Convention. Washington, DC.
“No End in Sight.” Op-ed in Charlotte Observer. May , p. A13.
1993 “Terrorism, the Media, and the Law: A Tangled Skein.” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association. Panel on Terrorism. Savannah, Georgia.
“A More Dangerous Game.” Op-ed in Charlotte Observer. September 12. p. 16.
1994 Presentation – “Prospects for Peace in Bosnia” – Western North Carolina Peacemaking Conference. Morganton.
1995 Guest Speaker – “Terrorism: Travel, Security, and Legal Safeguards” – led three workshops for international NGO conference at the United Nations. New York City.
Panel – “The United Nations at 50” – American Historical Association – Maui, Hawaii.
Paper – “A Multicultural Interactive Learning Experience: Teaching the United Nations” – Prepared for panel on Teaching International Diplomacy, International Studies Association- South. Atlanta, Georgia.
1996 “Interactive Teaching” Presented material on development of Model United Nations at local, regional, and international levels to panel at North Carolina Political Science Association Annual Convention.
“Toward an Understanding of Political Violence in the Middle East.” Jewish Community Center.
1997-99 President, Charlotte Mecklenburg Chapter, UNA-USA. Leading efforts to create Campus Network to build Model UN opportunities at area colleges and secondary schools. Two-year project.
1990-present Editorial Advisory Board, Annual Edition: Violence and Terrorism. Fourth edition currently under revision.
1993-95 Board of Directors, National Collegiate Conference Association. Responsible for National Model United Nations Conference planning, programs, budget, journal, and other publications. Board Meetings in April (New York), June (New York) and November (Atlanta) each year.
1993-present Board of Directors, Southern Regional Model United Nations. Helped to initiate conference in fall of 1990 for regional universities. Responsible for conference planning, staffing, and publications. Board Meetings in April and November each year. Organize and direct Home Government, to assist students seeking information.
1994-1997 Board of Directors, North Carolina Political Science Association. Served one year as at-large member, with responsibilities for student paper awards. 1996-97 Treasurer, responsible for membership rolls, budget, and connection with Southeastern Political Review.
1991-present Board of Directors, Carolinas Conference. Faculty advisor and Board member of new three-state Model UN conference, held each January for area colleges and universities. Helped to create new MUN groups at five area colleges and two high schools, through workshops I conducted in fall and at January conference.
1989 Board of Directors, Medusa Organization. Terrorism Consulting group. Organized conference on Terrorism for regional security and law enforcement personnel, held at UNCC in May. Planned, coordinated, and participated in all aspects of conference. Created mailing lists and brochure, cover letters and contracts for participants. Organized two panels and four lectures, and produced the documents given to participants.
1992-95 Reviewed manuscripts for:
Harper-Collins Joshua Godlstein’s text on International Relations. First review of preliminary manuscript. Reviewed final edition.
Westview Press Manuscript proposal for new text in International Law. .
McGraw-Hill Pearson and Rochester’s new International Relations text.
1986 – present Terrorism Seminar at Charlotte Police Academy.
Designed for senior police officers, members of city and county police SWAT teams and hostage negotiators, airport security personnel, security personnel from area banks, medical facilities and colleges, and members of the FBI, SBI, ATF, and Secret Service. Offered every 18 months (as required by police regulations) since 1985. Serve as consultant to many of these agencies in interim period.
1989 – present Great Decisions presentations
Participated each year in two counties, at three different forums. Abernethy Center in Conover, Senior Citizens Forum, and Public Lecture Series. Topics include:
“Ethics in International Relations” (1989)
“The Arms Bazaar” (1990)
“Foreign Aid” (1991)
“The Prospects for Peace in the Middle East” (1992)
“UN as Peacekeeper” (1993)
“The Situation in the Former Yugoslavia” (1994)
“The UN at 50” (1995)
1990 – present Carolinas Conference – Model United Nations simulation
Organized and hosted by UNCC every year, usually in January, for regional colleges and universities who are interested in initiating students into the MUN simulation process. Includes Guest speakers, six committees with separate agendas and rules of procedures, opening and closing ceremonies, and extensive mailings over a seven-state region. Initiated in 1990, it continues to grow in structure and attendance.
1990-91 Taft Institute. Guest lecturer on Comparative Political Parties. Focus on US, UK, and France.
1990-92 “World’s Changing Face.” UNCC Summer Institute for Teachers.
Presented series of lectures on the demise of the Soviet Union, and the changes in Eastern Europe. Designed to enable teachers to update course material on the rapidly changing world. Held each summer for three years, then offered to county teachers, beginning with Iredell County, to be held in multi-week afternoon and week-end workshops.
Special workshops for sixth grade teachers, from several counties. Two-day workshops, updating materials on changes in Eastern Europe, and offering ideas for presenting this material to young students. June 13-14, 1996
1992 – present United Nations Day
As MUN advisor, served on coordinating committee, with representatives from Queen’s College, CVCC, International House and UNA-USA to plan activities for regional celebration of event. Organized UNCC student participation in 1992-93, and assisted in hosting UN Day activities at UNCC in 1994. Assisted two other groups to plan UN Day activities for 1995, as the 50th Anniversary Year. Serving as President of local chapter of UNA-USA, and assisting Charlotte Country Day School in preparation for UN Day activities.
1992 – present Moot International Court of Justice at ASU’s MUN Conference.
At the request of ASU’s MUN advisor, I have created court cases, and provided student leadership for an ICJ at ASU’s annual conference in October, a three-day event. The cases are different each year, and most of the students participating have had no previous experience with international law, requiring extensive research assistance to successfully create opinion for Court.
1996 Workshop on Creating a Model United Nations Program.
Prepared, publicized, and presented materials for area college professors and students seeking to create a MUN program. Created material for this workshop; developed contacts with colleges and students; invitations to this sent by mail and phone. Four universities attended, and three have now developed fledgling MUN programs, and attended our Carolinas Conference in January 1997. Detailed information distribulted at workshop on how to generate interest in international issues, create a student organization, participate in a conference, create a practicum, and prepare a delegation for a national conference. All of this material is now available on request in disk or hard copy form, and has been sent to several other interested schools who were unable to attend the workshops. Another workshop is planned for the fall of 1997.
Defense Intelligence Agency / National Defense University
1985 – Symposium on International Terrorism. December 2-3. Washington, DC
1987 – Conference on “International Drugs: Threat and Response.” June 2-3.
1988 – Symposium on “The National Security Process: The Making of National Security for the 1990’s and Beyond.” December 1-2. Fort McNair, Washington, DC.
1992 – Topical symposium on “Non-Traditional Roles for the US Military in the Post-Cold War Era.” Dec. 1-2. Washington, DC
Center for Theoretical Studies – Winter Workshop
“Enlightenment: The Best Security in a Nuclear-Armed World.” Key Biscayne, Florida. Fourth annual workshop, under the auspices of the University of Miami, on nuclear arms. Invited participant with full scholarship. Materials collected for fall semester course on Defense and National Security Policy..
“Visions of a New Europe.” Symposium sponsored by Queen’s College, with international guest lecturers and interactive panel. Information useful for updating material for European Politics course.
“Breaking Down Walls.” Peacemaking Conference. Focus of workshops: “Role of UN as Peacemaker.” Used materials to strengthen community service lectures on this subject, as well as for MUN database.
United Nations Emergency Seminar of Bosnia. Attended by invitation. June 1993. New York City, at the UN. From this came a request that I lead a study group to Bosnia, focused on the refugee problem and on the possible avenues for peace through UN negotiations
1899 C.I.D. grant proposal – approved – for development of Interdisciplinary Honors course on Human Rights and Social Justice. Proposal co-authored by Kathryn Johnson (Religious Studies), under the direction of Fowler Bush. (Honors Program Director)
Class initially taught: Spring 1991.
This course is now a regular part of the Honors curriculum.
1993 Faculty Research Grant proposal — for research at the International Court of Justice, during the International MUN Conference to which I would be taking students on the Study Abroad program which I had just developed.
I have created a series of cases (usually nine each semester), to be used in a simulation of the International Court of Justice. Cases are fictitious, but based on real or potential legal controversies. Students, in legal teams, required to construct legal briefs, present briefs to moot ICJ, and to serve at least once on the moot ICJ, which must render a written opinion for each case. Cases vary from year to year, reflecting the diversity of international issues. Students required to use law casebook for text.
Have taught each year since 1990, as both large class (76 students) and small (20), and as a summer school offering (in 1992). Offered usually in fall semester.
Introduction to International Politics
This intro course presents an opportunity to interest students in a vital part of their world. Since many taking this course are not Poli Sci majors, it is designed to initiate interest in, and to build basic understanding of, the international events with which they are confronted daily. Have created several simulations, at least two of which are used each semester, to make this course an interactive learning experience.
Have taught this course every year since 1988, as a large section in either fall or spring (or both), as a writing intensive course section, as a summer course, and as an evning course offering for non-tradintional students.
Model United Nations
It is difficult to clearly delineate the scope of this course. It constitutes aspects of community service (with speaking engagements, assistance to area schools in building MUN programs, United Nations Day, and the Carolinas Conference), administrative service (as a Board Member on both the National Collegiate Conference Association and the Southern Regional MUN Conference), research and professional opportunities (papers at conferences and opportunities to research remote sources like the ICJ), as well as teaching goals. It provides a facility to offer students of all disciplines a multicultural interactive learning experience, and its multiplicity of dimensions is both time-consuming and extraordinarily rewarding.
I became MUN advisor in the fall of 1990. This course begins as a club, with approximately 25-30 members in the fall. Students began in fall 1990 to participate in the formation of the Southern Regional Model United Nations, which now meets each November in Atlanta. Fall semester also involves participation in the Cone Affair, the International Festival, ASU’s MUN conference (including creating and running a mock ICJ), and a community-wide United Nations Day. It culminates, for the MUN, in try-outs which are carefully structured and evaluated by other faculty and students to determine who will participate in the spring MUN course.
In the spring term, this class is responsible for organizing and operating the Carolinas Conference (for which mailings are sent out, nation assignments given, and committee background guides prepared in the fall). This is generally held in January, and is attended by a wide variety of area schools. I also schedule a ropes course activity, through the Venture program, for this class in early January, to encourage team-building, risk-taking, and trust. The six-eight weeks after this event are focused on building an understanding of the UN, its rules of procedure, related agencies, and (most importantly) the culture and politics of the nation which these students will represent at the National MUN in New York in late March or early April. Simulations of various committees are created, offering speaking practice and guidelines, and opportunities to chair such simulations to facilitate usage of appropriate rules. Each student is required to create a portfolio of relevant information for his/her committee assignment, including information garnered from take-home assignments as well as that derived from the library and from Internet. I carefully and regularly monitor the progress of the creation of these portfolios.
Students entering this course are asked to sign a contract committing them to attend class, participate fully in each simulation and assignment, and to prepare fully for the New York conference. I schedule for this class a meeting with the ambassador of the nation which they will be representing, and require that the students prepare in advance national positions on each of the issues to be discussed at the conference, sending a copy of these issue positions ahead of our meeting so that the embassy personnel can help us adjust the positions the students have taken to more accurately reflect the nation’s true position. I also schedule a delegation dinner, paid for by the students, to reflect as closely as possible the cuisine of the culture which they will be representing. These activities are designed to help the students have a truly multicultural experience.
During both the Southern Regional MUN and the National MUN, I help to organize and operate a “home government” for all of the students (400 at SRMUN and 2000 at NMUN). This is a resource center of individuals and materials to help students who have no faculty advisor from whom to request advice concerning their country’s position on issues under discussion. During the past four years, I have also been involved in Board Meetings during part of the conference.
The MUN course now has a new dimension: in the summer of 1994, I took a group of eight students to the International MUN at The Hague. For many of these students, this was their furst venture into another culture, their first Study Abroad opportunity. University support for this effort was excellent — from three different sources I found a willingness to give scholarship assistance, with the result that the students, most of whom were unable financially to participate in international study previously, received between $600 and $1000 in scholarship assistance from the university.
Our MUN has now been invited to participate in, and to be a part of the administration of, MUN conferences in other nations, as a result of this venture. I was able to send four students to TEIMUN in 1996, and took another students to The Hague in 1997.
This course now operates on four levels: local (Carolinas Conference), regional (Southern Regional MUN), national (NMUN), and international (TEIMUN). It involves community service, administrative growth, teaching opportunities, and research resources. It is certainly the most challenging and the most rewarding of my teaching load.
I redirected this course in the fall of 1989 to focus on terrorism. Three exams, a research paper, and a brief simulation serve to offer several methods of evaluating the degree to which students assimilate the legal and political difficulties in dealing with this issue. Material in this course is constantly updated, with a different text each year, and benefits from the research for several articles and the text which I have prepared. This has been taught as summer course, and is offered regularly now in spring semester.
Taught in 1991 for first time, with focus on Western Europe, and the nations which had created the European Community. Students required to produce one research paper, and exams were, of course, essay.
Re-designed in 1993 to reflect the blurring of East/West lines in Europe, this course now includes a simulation of the EU Council of Ministers and, when possible, the European Commission. The process of integration, the nations seeking membership, and the issues (economic, social, political, and legal) which challenge this “United States of Europe” are now the focus of this course.
Revised again in 1994, to reflect situation in Bosnia, Russia, and Middle East, as these areas affect European politics. New text, additional reading materials, and additional lecture notes for this new “post-cold war” world.
Defense and National Security Policy
Focus on the problems in defining “security” in this rapidly changing world. Brief simulation of the National Security Council at the end of the course allows students to experience the stress of decision-making of such critical issues. Taught during 1990-91 Iraq-Kuwait war. Organized a visit by NATO commanders to class (and campus). Taught again in spring 1997, in post-cold war format.
ADVISING/ INTERNSHIPS/ SENIOR THESES
1994 – present – Have developed internship opportunity for students with the Honorary British Consul, Trevor Getty. Students have been allowed to assist in research, interaction with international coorporations, and development of consular procedure for the fledgling consulate.
1990 – Directed internship with American Business Institute in Washington, DC, resulting in creation of excellent research portfolio.
1992 – Directed three internships, with related independent study papers: one in Washington, with the Center for Strategic and International Studies, under Yonah Alexander, editor of the Terrorism journal; one in London, with a member of the British parliament; and one in Ireland, with an Irish political party.
1989- present Supervised maximum of 10 senior theses each year, until 1994, when senior thesis no longer required for major. Now supervise one ot two each year, ususally in study of ehnic violence or United Nations.
Honors, Awards, and Student Evaluations
1994 1995 Nominated by students, and selected as recipient of “Who’s Who Among America’s Teaching” Award. Included in published annual journal.
1996-97 Nominated by students and department for NationsBank annual Outstanding Teacher award. Finalist as of August 1997. Winner to be announced in September.
Student evaluations, as indicated by statistics and graphs included, have been consistently above average, even in intro courses. My joy in teaching is, I believe, understood and reciprocated by my students.