Laditka, J.N. and S.B. Laditka. (2015). Unemployment, Disability and Life Expectancy in the United States: A Life Course Study. Disability and Health Journal, 9(1), 46-53.
Studies of small areas and brief periods suggest that unemployment affects health. Little is known about the association of lifetime unemployment with health.
education, childhood and pre-baseline health, and social support. We used the probabilities to create large populations with microsimulation, each individual having a known monthly disability status from age 40 to death. The populations provided the outcomes.
In results, among African Americans, women with high unemployment lived 5 fewer years than those with none; men lost 6.5 years. The percentage of life disabled from age 40 increased 15.4% with high unemployment for African American women, 23.5% for African American men, 32.2% for white women, and 36.9% for white men.
What do we conclude from the results? High lifetime unemployment may substantially reduce life expectancy for African Americans, and contribute to much more disability for all groups studied.
*Photo credit: The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection, The New York Public Library. Bowery Mission bread line on a cold winter night, 1:00 a.m., Sunday, N.Y.C. Retrieved from http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47d9-a98e-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99